If you are from the technology or IT background you will obviously be aware of the fact that Linux s the most useful software when it comes to ethical hacking. Specifically, open-source operating systems like Kali Linux Tools and Parrot are very popular among security researchers. They come with a long list of hacking tools with Terminal and GUI interfaces.
Here we talk about the best Linux tools that could be used for ethical hacking. And describe their main highlights so that it gets easier to use for you.
Classification: Information Gathering
It is one of the most used hacking tools all over the world. Wireshark is free software that lets you analyze network traffic in real-time. And is often the best tool for troubleshooting issues on your network. Originally named Ethereal, the project was renamed Wireshark in May 2006 due to trademark issues.
Common problems that Wireshark can help to get over with include dropped packets, latency issues, malicious activity on your network. It lets you put your network traffic under a microscope. And provides tools to filter and drill down into that traffic, zooming in on the root cause of the problem
Classification: Vulnerability Analysis
Now as you know about Wireshark, Nmap is a similar tool which you can use on your Kali Linux-powered hacking rig.
Nmap, short for Network Mapper, is a free, open-source tool for vulnerability scanning and network discovery. Network administrators use Nmap to identify what devices are running on their systems, discovering hosts that are available and the services they offer, finding open ports and detecting security risks.
Nmap can be used to monitor single hosts as well as vast networks that encompass hundreds of thousands of devices and multitudes of subnets. Users can further add features to this hacking tool for Kali with the help of scripts. This cross-platform tool is also available for all the other platforms. However, Linux remains the most popular platform.
Classification: Web Applications
Nikto is one of the most used Kali Linux tools. Nikto is an Open Source (GPL) web server scanner which performs comprehensive tests against web servers for multiple items. Including over 6700 potentially dangerous files/programs, checks for outdated versions of over 1250 servers, and version specific problems on over 270 servers.
It also checks for server configuration items such as the presence of multiple index files, HTTP server options. And will attempt to identify installed web servers and software. Scan items and plugins are frequently updated and can be automatically updated.
Classification: Wireless Attacks
Here comes the thing which most of us prefer to use in our day to day life. when it comes to wifi hacking Aircrack-ng is the perfect mate for you. It acts as a detector, sniffer, cracker, and analysis tool.
Aircrack-ng is not a single tool, but rather a suite of tools for manipulating and cracking Wi-Fi networks. Within this suite, there is a tool called aircraft for cracking passwords, but to get to the cracking we need to do several steps using other tools. In addition, aircrack-ng is capable of doing DOS attacks as well as rogue access points, caffe latte, evil twin, and many others Aircrack-ng is pre-installed in distros like Parrot and Kali.
Classification: Password Attacks
In the world filled with hackers and password attackers ophcrack is one of the most trusted password cracking tools available for ethical hacking purposes. Ophcrack is a free open-source (GPL licensed) program that cracks Windows log-in passwords by using LM hashes through rainbow tables.
The program includes the ability to import the hashes from a variety of formats, including dumping directly from the SAM files of Windows. On most computers, ophcrack can crack most passwords within a few minutes
Classification: Maintaining Access
If you are aware of ethical hacking you must know about Netcat. dbd is a Netcat-clone, designed to be portable and offer strong encryption. It runs on Unix-like operating systems and on Microsoft Win32. dbd features AES-CBC-128 + HMAC-SHA1 encryption (by Christophe Devine), program execution (-e option), choosing source port, continuous reconnection with delay, and some other nice features. dbd supports TCP/IP communication only. Source code and binaries are distributed under the GNU General Public License.
Classification: Exploitation Tools
Metasploit is a penetration testing platform that enables you to find, exploit, and validate vulnerabilities.
It provides the infrastructure, content, and tools to perform penetration tests and extensive security auditing and thanks to the open source community and Rapid7’s own hard working content team, new modules are added on a regular basis, which means that the latest exploit is available to you as soon as it’s published.
Classification: Forensics Tools
Bulk-extractor is a program that extracts features such as email addresses, credit card numbers, URLs, and other types of information from digital evidence files. It is a useful forensic investigation tool for many tasks such as malware and intrusion investigations, identity investigations and cyber investigations, as well as analyzing imagery and password cracking.
By using these tools, one can also build a list of words found within the data that can be later used for password cracking using other Linux hacking tools. Once Bulk-Extractor processes files, it stores the results in feature files that are easily parsable and inspectable.
Classification: Stress Testing
As its name suggests FunkLoad is a functional and load web tester, written in Python, whose main use cases are:
- Functional testing of web projects, and thus regression testing as well.
- Performance testing: by loading the web application and monitoring your servers it helps you to pinpoint bottlenecks. Giving a detailed report of performance measurement.
- Load testing tool to expose bugs that do not surface in cursory testing, like volume testing or longevity testing.
- Stress testing tool to overwhelm the web application resources and test the application recoverability.
- Writing web agents by scripting any web repetitive task.
Now you know all about the best hacking tools of Kali Linux and if you want to become an ethical hacker you just need to do a little more research and get on with it.